A diary of my mothing activity covering highlights and photos from my moth trapping activities. Mainly Norfolk (UK), occasionally beyond. I may mention other wildlife sightings here, especially insects, but for birds see my birding diary.

Friday, 14 December 2018

More Poplar Cosmets and an early Butterbur

One of the new moths I saw in the Waveney Valley on 10th July was Poplar Cosmet Batrachedra praeangusta.  I didn't expect to get my next record of this species quite so quickly, but in my garden trap the following night, 11th July, there were not only one but two Poplar Cosmets Batrachedra praeangusta!

Poplar Cosmets Batrachedra praeangusta, North Elmham, 11th July

There were a number of other new moths for the garden year-list that night, mostly micros: Small Red Slender Caloptilia rufipennella (only my second here although I've seen a few elsewhere), Common Oak Case-bearer Coleophora lutipennella, Dingy Dowd Blastobasis adustella, Knapweed Conch Agapeta zoegana, Cereal Tortrix Cnephasia pumicana, Smoky-barred Marble Lobesia abscisana, Broad-barred Knot-horn Acrobasis consociella (just about annual here with single records in 2015, 2016 and 2017) and Campion.

Small Red Slender Caloptilia rufipennella, North Elmham, 11th July

Common Oak Case-bearer Coleophora lutipennella (male, gen det), North Elmham, 11th July

Smoky Marble Lobesia abscisana, North Elmham, 11th July

Broad-barred Knot-horn Acrobasis consociella, North Elmham, 11th July

Campion, North Elmham, 11th July

Other moths that night were 2 Fulvous Clothes Moths Tinea semifulvella, Bird’s-nest Moth Tinea trinotella, 6 Bird-cherry Ermines Yponomeuta evonymella, Ermine sp. Yponomeuta padella/malinellus/cagnagella, White-headed Ermine Paraswammerdamia albicapitella, Hawthorn Ermine Paraswammerdamia nebulella, Diamond-back Plutella xylostella, 3 Clover Case-bearers Coleophora alcyonipennella, Little Dwarf Elachista canapennella, Triple-spot Dwarf Elachista maculicerusella, Golden-brown Tubic Crassa unitella, Small Dingy Tubic Borkhausenia fuscescens, Brown House Moth Hofmannophila pseudospretella, Cinerous Neb Bryotropha terrella, 4 Gorse Crests Brachmia blandella, London Dowd Blastobasis lacticolella, Buff Mompha Mompha ochraceella, Hawthorn Cosmet Blastodacna hellerella, Common Yellow Conch Agapeta hamana, 5 Privet Tortrixes Clepsis consimilana, 3 Grey Tortrixes Cnephasia stephensiana, Viburnum Button Acleris schalleriana, 6 Barred Marbles Celypha striana, 4 Common Marbles Celypha lacunana, Marbled Orchard Tortrix Hedya nubiferana, Triangle-marked Roller Ancylis achatana, 2 Bright Bells Eucosma hohenwartiana, 4 Hoary Bells Eucosma cana, Red Piercer Lathronympha strigana, Many-plume Moth Alucita hexadactyla, 48 Garden Grass-veneers Chrysoteuchia culmella, 2 Inlaid Grass-veneers Crambus pascuella, 62 Straw Grass-veneers Agriphila straminella, 2 Common Grass-veneers Agriphila tristella, 3 Pearl Grass-veneers Catoptria pinella, Common Grey Scoparia ambigualis, 2 Little Greys Eudonia lacustrata, 4 Small Greys Eudonia mercurella, Small Magpie Anania hortulata, Elder Pearl Anania coronata, Pale Straw Pearl Udea lutealis, 20 Mother of Pearls Pleuroptya ruralis, 3 Double-striped Tabbies Hypsopygia glaucinalis, 4 Rosy Tabbies Endotricha flammealis, Ghost Moth, Chinese Character, Blood-vein, 6 Small Fan-footed Waves, 14 Single-dotted Waves, 11 Riband Waves, 2 Red Twin-spot Carpets, 4 Dark-barred Twin-spot Carpets, 2 Large Twin-spot Carpets, Garden Carpet, Barred Straw, Scallop Shell, Dark Umber, Bordered Pug, V-Pug, Green Pug, 7 Double-striped Pugs, Small Yellow Wave, 5 Clouded Borders, 3 Brimstone Moths, 7 Early Thorns, 2 Scalloped Oaks, 3 Willow Beauties, Mottled Beauty, 2 Common Waves, 2 Poplar Hawk-moths, 11 Rosy Footmen, 25 Dingy Footmen, 2 Scarce Footmen, 2 Buff Footmen, 51 Common Footmen, 4 Buff Ermines, Flame, 4 Double Square-spots, Dot Moth, 3 Bright-line Brown-eyes, 3 Clays, 2 Smoky Wainscots, Marbled Beauty, 2 Dun-bars, 4 Dark Arches, Tawny Marbled Minor, 2 Common Rustics, 2 Lesser Common Rustics (and 2 further Common Rustic aggs.), 44 Uncertains, 4 Rustics, Mottled Rustic, 3 Nut-tree Tussocks, Burnished Brass, Spectacle, Beautiful Hook-tip, 3 Snouts and 2 Fan-foots.

Common Grey Scoparia ambigualis (male, gen det), North Elmham, 11th July

Dun-bar, North Elmham, 11th July

Other insects included the mayfly Pale Evening Dun Procloeon bifidum, a Common Earwig, the green lacewing Chrysoperla carnea,the caddisflies 2 Hydropsyche siltalai and Leptocerus tineiformis, and the beetles Nicrophorus investigator, Black Sexton Beetle and Common Red Soldier Beetle Rhagonycha fulva.

What may well have been a Pale Birch Pigmy Stigmella confusella would have been a new moth and the highlight of the garden moth trap on 12th July, except that I am currently unable to confirm the ID.  I do not have any reference material to compare the genitalia to (there are no pictures of the species' female genitalia on the Dissection Group website) but there is comparative reference material for most of the other feasible similar-looking Stigmella, and their genitalia doesn't match my moth's bits.  However, these are tricky and I don't think it would be safe to call this one just at the moment.

probable Pale Birch Pigmy Stigmella confusella (female), North Elmham, 12th July

Quite a few of the relatively small number of county records of Butterbur are undated, but of those that are dated the earliest is 20th July.  So a Butterbur here on 12th July was quite a surprise.  I had 3 Butterburs in the garden trap in 2016, the only ones I've ever seen before, and was to go on and see 3 again in 2018.

Butterbur, North Elmham, 12th July

There were a few other new moths for the year: Hawthorn Slender Parornix anglicella, Pointed Slender Parornix finitimella, Garden Lance-wing Epermenia chaerophyllella, Summer Rose Bell Notocelia roborana, Nutmeg and 2 Slender Brindles, .  The finitimella was only my third, following singles here in each of the previous two years.  The chearophyllella was only my fourth here too, though I've had more of them elsewhere.

Hawthorn Slender Parornix anglicella (male, gen det), North Elmham, 12th July

Pointed Slender Parornix finitimella (female, gen det), North Elmham, 12th July

Garden Lance-wing Epermenia chaerophyllella, North Elmham, 12th July

Summer Rose Bell Notocelia roborana, North Elmham, 12th July

Slender Brindle, North Elmham, 12th July

The rest of the night's 103 species of moth were Horse-Chestnut Leaf-miner Cameraria ohridella, 12 Bird-cherry Ermines Yponomeuta evonymella, 2 Ermine sp. Yponomeuta padella/malinellus/cagnagella, Diamond-back Plutella xylostella, 2 Clover Case-bearers Coleophora alcyonipennella, 2 Little Dwarfs Elachista canapennella, Long-horned Flat-body Carcina quercana, 2 Cinerous Nebs Bryotropha terrella, 2 Orange Crests Helcystogramma rufescens, London Dowd Blastobasis lacticolella, Hawthorn Cosmet Blastodacna hellerella, Common Yellow Conch Agapeta hamana, Dark Fruit-tree Tortrix Pandemis heparana, 4 Privet Tortrixes Clepsis consimilana, Large Ivy Tortrix Lozotaenia forsterana, Brown-barred Tortrix Epagoge grotiana, 3 Grey Tortrixes Cnephasia stephensiana, 3 Flax Tortrixes Cnephasia asseclana, Maple Button Acleris forsskaleana, Viburnum Button Acleris schalleriana, 10 Barred Marbles Celypha striana, 9 Common Marbles Celypha lacunana, 2 Triangle-marked Rollers Ancylis achatana, Bud Moth Spilonota ocellana, 3 Many-plume Moths Alucita hexadactyla, 42 Garden Grass-veneers Chrysoteuchia culmella, 5 Inlaid Grass-veneers Crambus pascuella, 137 Straw Grass-veneers Agriphila straminella, 3 Common Grass-veneers Agriphila tristella, 2 Pearl Grass-veneers Catoptria pinella, Common Grey Scoparia ambigualis, Small Magpie Anania hortulata, Elder Pearl Anania coronata, Dusky Pearl Udea prunalis, 19 Mother of Pearls Pleuroptya ruralis, 4 Rosy Tabbies Endotricha flammealis, Grey Knot-horn Acrobasis advenella, Ermine Knot-horn Phycitodes binaevella, Ghost Moth, Pebble Hook-tip, Chinese Character, 2 Buff Arches, Common Emerald, 2 Small Blood-veins, Least Carpet, 10 Small Fan-footed Waves, Dwarf Cream Wave, Small Dusty Wave, 5 Single-dotted Waves, 6 Riband Waves, Red Twin-spot Carpet, Large Twin-spot Carpet, Shaded Broad-bar, Barred Straw, July Highflyer, Scallop Shell, Dark Umber, 2 Small Rivulets, Sandy Carpet, 2 Green Pugs, 8 Double-striped Pugs, 3 Clouded Borders, 4 Brimstone Moths, 4 Early Thorns, Scalloped Oak, 2 Swallow-tailed Moths, Willow Beauty, Mottled Beauty, Engrailed, Clouded Silver, Poplar Hawk-moth, 14 Rosy Footmen, 19 Dingy Footmen, 2 Scarce Footmen, 2 Buff Footmen, 59 Common Footmen, 3 Buff Ermines, Flame, Flame Shoulder, 13 Double Square-spots, Bright-line Brown-eye, Clay, 4 Smoky Wainscots, Dun-bar, 6 Dark Arches, 2 Common Rustics, Lesser Common Rustic, Dusky Sallow, 30 Uncertains, 3 Rustics, Mottled Rustic, 2 Nut-tree Tussocks, 3 Straw Dots, 2 Snouts and 6 Fan-foots.

Dusky Sallow, North Elmham, 12th July

The only bug in the trap was a new species for me, Trigonotylus caelestialium.  Although Trigonotylus is a distinctive genus there are two very similar species; this one is distinguished by the very distinct red stripe through the 1st antennal segment (diffuse in T ruficornis).

Trigonotylus caelestialium, North Elmham, 12th July

Other insects included the green lacewing Chrysoperla carnea, the caddisfly Limnephilus marmoratus, 2 Common Red Soldier Beetles Rhagonycha fulvas, 4 Lagria hirta and my first garden Hornet of the year.

The next day there was a Large White in the garden and a Common Wasp came to the Red-belted Clearwing lure.

There were far fewer moths that night with just 55 species.  These included two new for the year: Garden Rose Tortrix Acleris variegana and Rosy Rustic.

Rosy Rustic, North Elmham, 13th July

The others were 2 Little Dwarfs Elachista canapennella, Common Yellow Conch Agapeta hamana, Privet Tortrix Clepsis consimilana, 2 Flax Tortrixes Cnephasia asseclana, Dover Shade Cnephasia genitalana (and another Cnephasia sp. that escaped), 4 Barred Marbles Celypha striana, 2 Common Marbles Celypha lacunana, Bright Bell Eucosma hohenwartiana, 8 Garden Grass-veneers Chrysoteuchia culmella, 3 Inlaid Grass-veneers Crambus pascuella, 54 Straw Grass-veneers Agriphila straminella, Water Veneer Acentria ephemerella, Small Magpie Anania hortulata, 5 Mother of Pearls Pleuroptya ruralis, Rosy Tabby Endotricha flammealis, Common Plume Emmelina monodactyla, Buff Arches, Least Carpet, 2 Small Fan-footed Waves, 2 Dwarf Cream Waves, 7 Single-dotted Waves, Riband Wave, Dark-barred Twin-spot Carpet, Large Twin-spot Carpet, Shaded Broad-bar, July Highflyer, V-Pug, 3 Clouded Borders, Brimstone Moth, 2 Early Thorns, Purple Thorn, Scalloped Oak, Swallow-tailed Moth, Engrailed, 2 Common White Waves, Poplar Hawk-moth, 5 Dingy Footmen, Scarce Footman, 34 Common Footmen, 4 Buff Ermines, Double Square-spot, 2 Bright-line Brown-eyes, Clay, Dun-bar, 3 Dark Arches, 2 Slender Brindles, 2 Common Rustics, 25 Uncertains, 4 Rustics, Nut-tree Tussock, 2 Beautiful Hook-tips, Straw Dot and Snout.

Not many non-moths of note - the only caddisfly was Hydropsyche pellucidula and the only beetle was Lagria hirta.

Waveney Valley mothing extravaganza

Brian J very kindly invited Dave and me to one of his mothing locations in the Waveney valley and we were treated to an amazing night's mothing on 10th July, with no less than 12 new moths for me!  Having seen over 1100 species of moth in Norfolk getting that many new ones in a single night is quite an achievement nowadays and it goes to show what a great piece of habitat that Brian is lucky enough to monitor.

One of the moths we were particularly targetting was Shaded Fan-foot, a Red Data Book species that in Norfolk is mainly known from the Waveney Valley.  The traps came up trumps and we caught 3 Shaded Fan-foots.

Shaded Fan-foots, Waveney Valley, 10th July

We also saw over 20 V-Moths, a species that is a bit more widespread but one that in recent years is mainly known from SE Norfolk.

V-Moths, Waveney Valley, 10th July

At the other end of the scale two of the macro lifers were probably among the commonest and most well-recorded of Norfolk's macro moths that were previously absent from my list - Spinach and Minor Shoulder-knot.

Spinach, Waveney Valley, 10th July

Minor Shoulder-knot, Waveney Valley, 10th July

One of the biggest surprises for me was finding a Marbled Grass-veneer Catoptria verellus.  I had rememebered that Tim Hodge trapped presumed migrants one night in 2015, the first time this species was recorded in Norfolk, and I knew that Brian had had one in SE Norfolk since, which I had presumed was also a migrant, but I didn't realise he'd since had another in the same area and had concluded that they were likely established in the area now (apparently they're also established in Suffolk now).  We ended up seeing 4 Catoptria verellus which firmly supports that view.

Marbled Grass-veneer Catoptria verellus, Waveney Valley, 10th July

I was very pleased to see the very distinctive Bitter-cress Diamond-back Eidophasia messingiella, a distinctly scarce species across Norfolk but one that Brian catches regularly in this corner of the county.

Bitter-cress Diamond-back Eidophasia messingiella, Waveney Valley, 10th July

Another surprise find was Water-plantain Conch Gynnidomorpha alismana, a species Brian hadn't previously seen at this site.

Water-plantain Conch Gynnidomorpha alismana (male, gen det), Waveney Valley, 10th July

It was good to see Poplar Cosmet Batrachedra praeangusta as this was a species I was pretty sure I'd seen at Weybourne last year but that one flew off before I managed to see it well enough to count it.

Poplar Cosmet Batrachedra praeangusta, Waveney Valley, 10th July

Other new micros were 4 + Angelica Flat-bodies Agonopterix angelicella, Dark-striped Groundling Gelechia sororculella and Willow Marble Apotomis lineana.

Angelica Flat-body Agonopterix angelicella, Waveney Valley, 10th July

Dark-striped Groundling Gelechia sororculella, Waveney Valley, 10th July

Willow Marble Apotomis lineana, Waveney Valley, 10th July

There was one macro that Dave Norgate was particularly hoping to see - a species that has only recently been discovered in the Waveney Valley and wasn't previously known in Norfolk.  The odds of us getting one were never high but we knew there was a chance.  Towards the end of the evening just before we closed down the traps we caught one, a White-mantled Wainscot!  To say Dave was excited would be an understatement...

White-mantled Wainscot, Waveney Valley, 10th July

Not a lifer as I'd seen one at Yarmouth before but a potential Red Data Book speices that we certainly weren't expecting to see as it is mainly coastal was Agate Knot-horn Nyctegretis lineana.

Agate Knot-horn Nyctegretis lineana, Waveney Valley, 10th July

When I determined its ID I thought a Common Case-bearer Coleophora serratella was a lifer, but I subsequently discovered that I had another one that I had caught at home sitting in a pot on my desk awaiting identification, so this one became my eventually second record.

Common Case-bearer  Coleophora serratella (female, gen det), Waveney Valley, 10th July

Some of the other micro highlights from my point of view included Willow Ermine Yponomeuta rorrella, 2 Pistol Case-bearers Coleophora anatipennella, Ruddy Flat-body Agonopterix subpropinquella, 2 Bracken Nebs Monochroa cytisella, Wainscot Neb Monochroa palustrellus, Wood Groundling Parachronistis albiceps, Poplar Sober Anacampsis populella, Small Sober Anarsia spartiella, Brown Oak Tortrix Archips crataegana, White-shouldered Marble Apotomis turbidana, Willow Tortrix Epinotia cruciana, Large Birch Bell Epinotia brunnichana, Sycamore Piercer Pammene aurita, Ochreous Pearl Anania crocealis and 2 Warted Knot-horns Acrobasis repandana.

Willow Ermine Yponomeuta rorrella, Waveney Valley, 10th July

Pistol Case-bearer  Coleophora anatipennella (female, gen det), Waveney Valley, 10th July

Bracken Neb Monochroa cytisella, Waveney Valley, 10th July

Wainscot Neb Monochroa palustrellus, Waveney Valley, 10th July

Poplar Sober Anacampsis populella (female, gen det), Waveney Valley, 10th July

Brown Oak Tortrix Archips crataegana, Waveney Valley, 10th July

White-shouldered Marble Apotomis turbidana, Waveney Valley, 10th July

Willow Tortrix Epinotia cruciana, Waveney Valley, 10th July

Large Birch Bell Epinotia brunnichana, Waveney Valley, 10th July

Warted Knot-horn Acrobasis repandana, Waveney Valley, 10th July

Other noteworthy macros included 2 Balsam Carpets, Pretty Chalk Carpet, 2 Scallop Shells, Sharp-angled Peacock, Dotted Footman, Double Dart, Purple Clay, Suspected and Webb's Wainscot.

Scallop Shell, Waveney Valley, 10th July

Sharp-angled Peacock, Waveney Valley, 10th July

Dotted Footman, Waveney Valley, 10th July

Double Dart, Waveney Valley, 10th July

Suspected, Waveney Valley, 10th July

Webb's Wainscot, Waveney Valley, 10th July

As usual on this sort of occasion the counts shown in the lists are the minimum numbers I could remember seeing - doubtlessly lower than the true number in many cases.  The rest of the micros I noted down were 1+ White-triangle Slender Caloptilia stigmatella, 4 Gold-ribbon Argents Argyresthia brockeella, Golden Argent Argyresthia goedartella, Bird-cherry Ermine Yponomeuta evonymella, Hawthorn Ermine Paraswammerdamia nebulella, White-shouldered Smudge Ypsolopha parenthesella, Pied Smudge Ypsolopha sequella, Diamond-back Plutella xylostella, Tipped Oak Case-bearer Coleophora flavipennella, Apple & Plum Case-bearer Coleophora spinella, Lesser Tawny Tubic Batia lunaris, Golden-brown Tubic Crassa unitella, Cinerous Neb Bryotropha terrella, 2 Gorse Crests Brachmia blandella, Buff Mompha Mompha ochraceella, Bulrush Cosmet Limnaecia phragmitella, Plain Conch Phtheochroa inopiana, 4 Common Yellow Conches Agapeta hamana, Barred Fruit-tree Tortrix Pandemis cerasana, Large Fruit-tree Tortrix Archips podana, 4 Variegated Golden Tortrixes Archips xylosteana, Cyclamen Tortrix Clepsis spectrana, 2 Red-barred Tortrixes Ditula angustiorana, 3 Flax Tortrixes Cnephasia asseclana, 10 Yellow Oak Buttons Aleimma loeflingiana, 2 Green Oak Tortrixes Tortrix viridana, Barred Marble Celypha striana, 10 Common Marbles Celypha lacunana, 2 Marbled Orchard Tortrixes Hedya nubiferana, 3 Sallow Marbles Apotomis capreana, 2 Blotched Marbles Endothenia quadrimaculana, 2 Triangle-marked Rollers Ancylis achatana, Nut-bud Moth Epinotia tenerana, 2 Holly Tortrixes Rhopobota naevana, Cock’s-head Bell Zeiraphera isertana, 2 Common Cloaked Shoots Gypsonoma dealbana, 2 Bramble Shoots Notocelia uddmanniana, Triple-blotched Bell Notocelia trimaculana, Hoary Bell Eucosma cana, Bud Moth Spilonota ocellana, Marbled Piercer Cydia splendana, Bulrush Veneer Calamotropha paludella, 20 Garden Grass-veneers Chrysoteuchia culmella, Meadow Grey Scoparia pyralella, Base-lined Grey Scoparia basistrigalis, Marsh Grey Eudonia pallida, Little Grey Eudonia lacustrata, 4 Small China-marks Cataclysta lemnata, Small Magpie Anania hortulata, 2 Long-winged Pearls Anania lancealis, Dusky Pearl Udea prunalis, Olive Pearl Udea olivalis, 20 Mother of Pearls Pleuroptya ruralis, Double-striped Tabby Hypsopygia glaucinalis, 2 Rosy Tabbies Endotricha flammealis, 2 Bee Moths Aphomia sociella and Dotted Oak Knot-horn Phycita roborella.

Cock's-head Bell Zeiraphera isertana, Waveney Valley, 10th July

The rest of the macros were Ghost Moth, 2 Drinkers, 2 Pebble Hook-tips, Peach Blossom, 2 Buff Arches, 2 Large Emeralds, 2 Small Fan-footed Waves, Riband Wave, Red Twin-spot Carpet, 3 Large Twin-spot Carpets, Common Carpet, 6 Phoenixes, Common Marbled Carpet, Barred Yellow, 4 July Highflyers, Brown Scallop, Dark Umber, Sharp-angled Carpet, Small Rivulet, 2 Currant Pugs, Grey Pug, V-Pug, Dingy Shell, Scorched Carpet, 2 Brimstone Moths, Bordered Beauty, Early Thorn, 2 Scalloped Oaks, 2 Swallow-tailed Moths, Peppered Moth, Mottled Beauty, 2 Engraileds, 2 Common White Waves, 2 Poplar Hawk-moths, 3 Elephant Hawk-moths, 3 Chocolate-tips, Buff-tip, Vapourer, Brown-tail, 2 Yellow-tails, Round-winged Muslin, 2 Dingy Footmen, 2 Scarce Footmen, Common Footman, Garden Tiger, Buff Ermine, Ruby Tiger, Heart and Dart, Flame, Flame Shoulder, Large Yellow Underwing, Lesser Broad-bordered Yellow Underwing, 2 Setaceous Hebrew Characters, 10 Double Square-spots, Green Arches, Nutmeg, Dot Moth, 2 Bright-line Brown-eyes, Campion, 2 Brown-line Bright Eyes, Clay, 4 Smoky Wainscots, Common Wainscot, Poplar Grey, Sycamore, Miller, Grey or Dark Dagger, 2 Dingy Shears, Dun-bar, 4 Dark Arches, Light Arches, Slender Brindle, Double Lobed, 2 Rufous Minors, Tawny Marbled Minor, 2 Common Rustic aggs., Fen Wainscot, 10 Uncertains, 2 Rustics, Mottled Rustic, Silver Y, Spectacle, 3 Beautiful Hook-tips, 2 Snouts, Fan-foot and Small Fan-foot.

Green Arches, Waveney Valley, 10th July

That's a phenomenal 181 species - what a night!  Thank you so much Brian!

Oh, there were a few non-moth things I noted, though I didn't pay too much attention to the non-moths this time.  They included this fine Brown Hawker (we could hardly fail to notice this).  Also the caddisflies Limnephilus flavicornis and Limnephilus lunatus, Forest Bug, Common Red Soldier Beetle Rhagonycha fulva and 2 Lagria hirta.

Brown Hawker, Waveney Valley, 10th July

I can't remember what time I got home after this, but if it wasn't already light then it probably would have been by the time I'd finished photographing the specimens I'd brought home for dissection.  I can't remember specifically what prevented me from going through my own trap with the usual rigour, but suspect it had something to do with having had no sleep after getting up before dawn every single day for months, and quite possibly also had something to do with having run out of pots to keep the interesting specimens in.  Anyway, for the first time this year I neglected to count every moth in my trap but settled for simply recording the species in it, and judging from the rather small list I don't think I can even done that very carefully.  As such there was just one new moth for the garden year list, Pale Straw Pearl Udea lutealis.

Pale Straw Pearl Udea lutealis, North Elmham, 10th July

The others I noted down were Bird-cherry Ermine Yponomeuta evonymella, Large Ivy Tortrix Lozotaenia forsterana, Barred Marble Celypha striana, Garden Grass-veneer Chrysoteuchia culmella, Inlaid Grass-veneer Crambus pascuella, Straw Grass-veneer Agriphila straminella, Common Grass-veneer Agriphila tristella, Pearl Grass-veneer Catoptria pinella, Base-lined Grey Scoparia basistrigalis, Pale Straw Pearl Udea lutealis, Mother of Pearl Pleuroptya ruralis, Rosy Tabby Endotricha flammealis, Common Emerald, Blood-vein, Small Fan-footed Wave, Single-dotted Wave, Riband Wave, Garden Carpet, Common Carpet, Barred Straw, Double-striped Pug, Clouded Border, Early Thorn, Scalloped Oak, Swallow-tailed Moth, Willow Beauty, Mottled Beauty, Poplar Hawk-moth, Yellow-tail, Rosy Footman, Dingy Footman, Scarce Footman, 2 Buff Footmen, Common Footman, Buff Ermine, Heart and Dart, Double Square-spot, Dot Moth, Bright-line Brown-eye, Clay, Smoky Wainscot, Dark Arches, Cloaked Minor, Common Rustic, Uncertain, Nut-tree Tussock and Spectacle.