Description


A diary of my mothing activity covering highlights and photos from my moth trapping activities. Mainly Norfolk (UK), occasionally beyond. I may mention other wildlife sightings here, especially insects, but for birds see my birding diary.

Tuesday, 8 August 2017

Cherry Midget

Tuesday 4th July was a reasonably good night for moths here with over 400 moths of 98 species.  Last year's peak of 153 and 154 species on consecutive nights seems like a dream compared to this year's paltry performance.  The best of the 98 was a lifer, Cherry Midget Phyllonorycter cerasicolella, although I had seen at least one of the aggregate species pair spinicolella/cerasicolella before.  Interestingly this one didn't seem to have dark tips to the antennae as both spinicolella and cerasicolella are supposed to but unless I've missed something the female genitalia of the two are quite distinctive (compared to other Phyllonorycters - not so distinctive from one another but do-able).

Cherry Midget Phyllonorycter cerasicolella (female, gen det), North Elmham, 4th July


One other moth was new for the garden - Ochreous Pearl Anania crocealis.

Ochreous Pearl Anania crocealis, North Elmham, 4th July


A Small Rush Case-bearer Coleophora taeniipennella was only my second (my first was here last July).

Small Rush Case-bearer Coleophora taeniipennella (female, gen det), North Elmham, 4th July


Also new for the year here were White-headed Ermel Paraswammerdamia albicapitella, Base-lined Grey Scoparia basistrigalis, Beautiful China-mark Nymphula nitidulata, 2 Grey Knot-horns Acrobasis advenella, Brown-tail, 2 Yellow-tails, Broad-bordered Yellow Underwing, Dun-bar, Clouded Brindle, Common Rustic and Cream-bordered Green Pea.

White-headed Ermel Paraswammerdamia albicapitella, North Elmham, 4th July


Base-lined Grey Scoparia basistrigalis (male, gen det), North Elmham, 4th July



Beautiful China-mark Nymphula nitidulata, North Elmham, 4th July


Grey Knot-horn Acrobasis advenella, North Elmham, 4th July



Brown-tail, North Elmham, 4th July


Broad-bordered Yellow Umderwing, North Elmham, 4th July


Clouded Brindle, North Elmham, 4th July


Common Rustic (male, gen det), North Elmham, 4th July


Cream-bordered Green Pea, North Elmham, 4th July


The others were Fulvous Clothes Moth Tinea semifulvella, Hawthorn Slender Parornix anglicella, 20 Bird-cherry Ermines Yponomeuta evonymella, Eastern Case-bearer Coleophora vestianella, 2 Triple-spot Dwarfs Elachista maculicerusella, 2 Brown House Moths Hofmannophila pseudospretella, 2 Burdock Nebs Metzneria lappella, Gorse Crest Brachmia blandella, London Dowd Blastobasis lacticolella, 12 Hook-marked Straw Moths Agapeta hamana, 2 Dark Fruit-tree Tortrixes Pandemis heparana, 5 Large Fruit-tree Tortrixes Archips podana, 3 Privet Tortrixes Clepsis consimilana, 7 Grey Tortrixes Cnephasia stephensiana, Barred Marble Celypha striana, 3 Common Marbles Celypha lacunana, Plum Tortrix Hedya pruniana, 4 Marbled Orchard Tortrixes Hedya nubiferana, 3 Triangle-marked Rollers Ancylis achatana, Holly Tortrix Rhopobota naevana, Common Cloaked Shoot Gypsonoma dealbana, White-foot Bell Epiblema foenella, 5 Hoary Bells Eucosma cana, Bud Moth Spilonota ocellana, Many-plumed Moth Alucita hexadactyla, 31 Garden Grass-veneers Chrysoteuchia culmella, Grass-veneer Crambus pascuella, 3 Common Greys Scoparia ambigualis, 3 Little Greys Eudonia lacustrata, Ringed China-mark Parapoynx stratiotata, 3 Small Magpies Anania hortulata, Long-winged Pearl Anania lancealis, 17 Mother of Pearls Pleuroptya ruralis, 2 Rosy Tabbies Endotricha flammealis, 2 White Plumes Pterophorus pentadactyla, 2 Common Plumes Emmelina monodactyla, 2 Chinese Characters, Common Emerald, Blood-vein, Small Blood-vein, 10 Small Fan-footed Waves, Dwarf Cream Wave, Small Dusty Wave, 10 Single-dotted Waves, 2 Riband Waves, Yellow Shell, Phoenix, Barred Straw, Blue-bordered Carpet, Small Rivulet, 3 V-Pugs, 2 Double-striped Pugs, 2 Clouded Borders, 4 Brimstone Moths, 8 Early Thorns, Purple Thorn, Scalloped Oak, 3 Willow Beauties, Mottled Beauty, 3 Clouded Silvers, Light Emerald, Elephant Hawk-moth, Buff-tip, Round-winged Muslin, 8 Rosy Footmen, 8 Dingy Footmen, Scarce Footman, 51 Common Footmen, 4 Buff Ermines, Short-cloaked Moth, Heart and Club, 3 Flames, 5 Double Square-spots, 2 Brown-line Bright Eyes, 9 Clays, 13 Smoky Wainscots, 3 Dark Arches, 52 Uncertains, 2 Rustics, Mottled Rustic, 3 Nut-tree Tussocks, 3 Beautiful Hook-tips, Straw Dot and 3 Fan-foots.

Long-winged Pearl Anania lancealis, North Elmham, 4th July


Blue-bordered Carpet, North Elmham, 4th July


As usual when there are a lot of moths, there was a good variety of other insects (and a Common Frog).  Mayflies were represented by Serratella ignita while Lacewings consisted of a female Conwentzia sp. (a waxfly - only male Conwentzia can be identified to species level) and the brown lacewing Hemerobius humulinus.  Caddisflies included Hydropsyche pellucidula and my second Silo pallipes.  Bugs consisted of 2 Stenotus binotatus and 5 Iassus lanio (leafhopper), the latter new for the year.


Iassus lanio, North Elmham, 4th July


Among the beetles I identified Enochrus quadripunctatus for the first time ever, 2 Aphodius rufipes, 2 Brown Chafers, Rhagonycha fulva, Orange Ladybird (new for the year) and 2 Lagria hirta.

Enochrus quadripunctatus, North Elmham, 4th July

Monday, 7 August 2017

Cacao and Corn Moths

After a good night's mothing at Holt Country Park I returned home to find a reasonable selection of moths in the garden trap.  There were no real stand-out highlights but new for the garden year list were Pine Cosmet Batrachedra pinicolella, Burdock Conch Aethes rubigana, Water Veneer Acentria ephemerella, Double-striped Tabby Hypsopygia glaucinalis, Yellow Shell, 2 Scalloped Oaks, Pine Hawk-moth and Purple Clay.

Scalloped Oak, North Elmham, 1st July


Purple Clay, North Elmham, 1st July


This Viburnum Button Acleris schalleriana was arguably better than any of those, judged by the number of county records, but it seems to be getting commoner with quite a few records in very recent years.  That's certainly my experience with my first ever last year and now three so far this year.  I need to improve my detection of them though as I passed off both of the last two (at least) as Acleris laterana/comariana agg. until I looked at their genitalia.  Some schalleriana can look quite distinctively broad-shouldered to my eyes (recalling sparsana to me) but this one didn't.  Nor were the dark triangles on the costa particularly extensive (they didn't reach the apex as they're supposed to on schalleriana for starters).  Apparently schalleriana has rougher scales along the leading edge of the forewing - I'm not sure about that - I think I could possibly make out this feature when I looked under the microscope but will need to look for this critically on future insects to test it.

Viburnum Button Acleris schalleriana (male, gen det), North Elmham, 1st July


The other moths were 2 Bird-cherry Ermines Yponomeuta evonymella, Hawthorn Ermel Paraswammerdamia nebulella, Little Dwarf Elachista canapennella, Brown House Moth Hofmannophila pseudospretella, Gorse Crest Brachmia blandella, Buff Cosmet Mompha ochraceella, 3 Hook-marked Straw Moths Agapeta hamana, 2 Large Fruit-tree Tortrixes Archips podana, 2 Privet Tortrixes Clepsis consimilana, 2 Grey Tortrixes Cnephasia stephensiana, Flax Tortrix Cnephasia asseclana, Garden Rose Tortrix Acleris variegana, 4 Barred Marbles Celypha striana, 6 Common Marbles Celypha lacunana, Pine Marble Piniphila bifasciana, 2 Marbled Orchard Tortrixes Hedya nubiferana, Hoary Bell Eucosma cana, 17 Garden Grass-veneers Chrysoteuchia culmella, 3 Grass-veneers Crambus pascuella, Pearl Veneer Agriphila straminella, 5 Common Greys Scoparia ambigualis, Small Magpie Anania hortulata, Mother of Pearl Pleuroptya ruralis, Rosy Tabby Endotricha flammealis, Bee Moth Aphomia sociella, 2 White Plumes Pterophorus pentadactyla, Ghost Moth, Drinker, Buff Arches, Large Emerald, Small Emerald, 2 Small Blood-veins, 7 Small Fan-footed Waves, 3 Dwarf Cream Waves, 9 Single-dotted Waves, 4 Treble Brown Spots, 2 Riband Waves, Common Carpet, 4 Barred Straws, Green Pug, Double-striped Pug, 3 Clouded Borders, 3 Early Thorns, Swallow-tailed Moth, 3 Willow Beauties, 14 Clouded Silvers, 3 Elephant Hawk-moths, Buff-tip, 5 Rosy Footmen, 2 Dingy Footmen, 22 Common Footmen, Cinnabar, 4 Flames, 2 Flame Shoulders, 4 Double Square-spots, 2 Bright-line Brown-eyes, 2 Clays, 7 Smoky Wainscots, Small Angle Shades, 2 Dark Arches, 37 Uncertains, Rustic, 3 Mottled Rustics, 2 Beautiful Hook-tips, 2 Straw Dots, 6 Snouts, 6 Fan-foots and 2 Small Fan-foots.

Beetles were represented by Summer Chafer (new for the year) and Brown Chafer.

The following day I put the Yellow-legged Clearwing lure out again, hoping for another Orange-tailed that comes to the same lure rather than more Yellow-legged.  I didn't get either, but it did attract an entirely different moth - and a good one at that - a Gold-sheen Clothes Moth Nemapogon ruricolella.  If you read my account of the previous night's event at Holt you'll know we had one there too, only the night before.  Two in two nights at different locations is rather good given there had only been four records in Norfolk since 1874 - and the last of those in 2013 was me too, at my old house.

Gold-sheen Clothes Moth Nemapogon ruricolella (male, gen det), North Elmham, 2nd July


A very mediocre catch in the light trap that night produced just one addition to the garden year list, Chequered Straw Evergestis pallidata.  Other moths caught were 3 Bird-cherry Ermines Yponomeuta evonymella, Cinereous Groundling Bryotropha terrella, Gorse Crest Brachmia blandella, 2 Hook-marked Straw Moths Agapeta hamana, Large Fruit-tree Tortrix Archips podana, 2 Grey Tortrixes Cnephasia stephensiana, Green Oak Tortrix Tortrix viridana, 2 Barred Marbles Celypha striana, 5 Common Marbles Celypha lacunana, 2 Marbled Orchard Tortrixes Hedya nubiferana, 6 Garden Grass-veneers Chrysoteuchia culmella, 2 Grass-veneers Crambus pascuella, Pearl Veneer Agriphila straminella, Common Grey Scoparia ambigualis, 2 Small Magpies Anania hortulata, 2 Elder Pearls Anania coronata, Mother of Pearl Pleuroptya ruralis, 4 Rosy Tabbies Endotricha flammealis, Common Plume Emmelina monodactyla, Small Blood-vein, 3 Small Fan-footed Waves, 3 Dwarf Cream Waves, 15 Single-dotted Waves, 4 Riband Waves, 2 Barred Straws, Wormwood Pug, 3 Clouded Borders, Lilac Beauty, 2 Early Thorns, Scalloped Oak, Peppered Moth, Willow Beauty, Engrailed, Common White Wave, Elephant Hawk-moth, Pale Prominent, 2 Buff-tips, 2 Rosy Footmen, 4 Dingy Footmen, 26 Common Footmen, 8 Buff Ermines, Cinnabar, Flame, Double Square-spot, Bright-line Brown-eye, 2 Clays, 13 Smoky Wainscots, Dark Arches, 28 Uncertains, 4 Mottled Rustics and Burnished Brass.

The following afternoon and evening I discovered four moths which entered my study through the open window, two of them very interesting.  At least one of them arrived during the afternoon well before dark, my third Corn Moth Nemapogon granella and my second this year - these three being the only records in the county since 2013. Larvae of this species feed indoors on stored grain or other vegetable products and the first of mine was a mystery being found during a cold spell in February last year suggesting it might have hatched indoors.  But I didn't have any stored grain or anything where I could imagine it was likely to have emerged from so I speculated that I might have accidentally transported it home from a recent visit to a farm shop specialising in bird food.  With two subsequent records this year perhaps a more local origin is a better explanation.  There used to be a bakery next door to me - it closed down and was converted to houses several years ago (before I moved in) but I wonder if there may have been a population there that now still survives in the area outside (they can breed outside on fungus, apparently).  It will be interesting to see if records continue.

Corn Moth Nemapogon granella (female, gen det), North Elmham, 3rd July


The other three moths in the study were found after dark: Small Dingy Tubic Borkhausenia fuscescens, Brown House Moth Hofmannophila pseudospretella and another really good one: Cacao Moth Ephestia elutella.  The Cacao Moth was a lifer and like the Corn Moth is a species that feeds indoors on stored vegetable products, in this case mainly nuts and especially cocoa and tobacco, however it is sometimes recorded outside.  There are only six previous county records, so a very pleasing addition to the garden list.  Identification requires examination of the genitalia to be certain but I had a very strong suspicion that this one would prove to be elutella - compared to the much commoner Falso Cacao Moth Ephestia unicolorella it looked smaller, greyer and smoother - all quite subtle though and I certainly wouldn't have identified it confidently from these photos...


Cacao Moth Ephestia elutella (female, gen det), North Elmham, 3rd July


Moths I caught that night using the more traditional light trap included my first Summer Rose Bell Notocelia roborana of the year.

Summer Rose Bell Notocelia roborana, North Elmham, 3rd July


Others were Clover Case-bearer Coleophora alcyonipennella, 2 Hook-marked Straw Moths Agapeta hamana, 3 Large Fruit-tree Tortrixes Archips podana, 3 Grey Tortrixes Cnephasia stephensiana, 9 Common Marbles Celypha lacunana, Pine Marble Piniphila bifasciana, Hoary Bell Eucosma cana, Two-coloured Bell Eucosma obumbratana, 5 Garden Grass-veneers Chrysoteuchia culmella, 2 Grass-veneers Crambus pascuella, 4 Small Magpies Anania hortulata, Mother of Pearl Pleuroptya ruralis, White Plume Pterophorus pentadactyla, 2 Common Plumes Emmelina monodactyla, Small Emerald, 2 Small Fan-footed Waves, 2 Dwarf Cream Waves, 10 Single-dotted Waves, Treble Brown Spot, 3 Riband Waves, 2 Large Twin-spot Carpets, Shaded Broad-bar, 2 Barred Straws, Currant Pug, 3 Clouded Borders, Brimstone Moth, 6 Early Thorns, Peppered Moth, Willow Beauty, Common White Wave, 2 Clouded Silvers, Elephant Hawk-moth, Coxcomb Prominent, 2 Buff-tips, 2 Dingy Footmen, 20 Common Footmen, 7 Buff Ermines, Cinnabar, Short-cloaked Moth, 2 Large Yellow Underwings, 5 Double Square-spots, Bright-line Brown-eye, Brown-line Bright Eye, 11 Smoky Wainscots, Dark Arches, 36 Uncertains, Rustic, 2 Mottled Rustics, 2 Beautiful Hook-tips, Snout and Fan-foot.

I'm pretty sure I've seen these at home before but the beetle Lagria hirta was the first I've actually identified here.  There was also a Brown Chafer.

Lagria hirta, North Elmham, 3rd July


The only caddisfly was a Leptocerus tineiformis.

I recently acquired the new spiders book (Britain's Spiders by Bee, Oxford & Smith) and put it to the test for the first time on 4th July when I found this spider in my house.  Turns out it's one of two species that can't be identified on externally visible features but if I understand it correctly the fact that it was inside my house pretty much rules out one of them leaving Amaurobius similis as the ID without recourse to dissection (which I wouldn't want to do with a spider - I find them horrible enough to look at without a microscope and am certainly not ready to start handling them).

Amaurobius similis, North Elmham, 4th July

Sunday, 6 August 2017

Holt Country Park mothing

July kicked off with the Currant Clearwing lure followed by the Yellow-legged Clearwing lure both attracting their respective targets.  The latter also attracted a Syrphus hoverfly but it escaped before I could tell if it was torvus or vitripennis.  I also found a Common Cloaked Shoot Gypsonoma dealbana in the house.



Currant Clearwing, North Elmham, 1st July



Yellow-legged Clearwing, North Elmham, 1st July


That evening it was the Norfolk Moth Survey event at Holt Country Park and it was a great success.  I don't know what number the final tally for the evening came to but counting just the moths I saw myself we reached a very impressive 170 species.  I suppose the best of those was Norfolk's second Orange-headed Tubic Agnoea josephinae.


Orange-headed Tubic Agnoea josephinae (male, gen det), Holt, 1st July


The only other totally new moth for me was a macro, albeit one that could be overlooked as a micro.  We didn't, but we did almost overlook it as a Pinion-streaked Snout.  I did raise the possibility of it being worn Marsh Oblique-barred but someone thought we were out of range for that species known mainly from the Broads in Norfolk.  Well fortunately I retained it to check and lo and behold it was a Marsh Oblique-barred.  Not quite restricted to the Broads as there are a handful of records from west Norfolk and a very few from north Norfolk though none very recently - including one from Holt Lowes area in 1973.

Marsh Oblique-barred (male, gen det), Holt, 1st July


Other highlights included at least 7 Grass Emeralds, a species I'd only seen one of previously.


Grass Emeralds, Holt, 1st July


The other macros that I considered to be most worthy were July Belle, 2 Pretty Chalk Carpets, Dingy Shell, 2 Kent Black Arches, True Lover's Knot, Purple Clay, Grey Arches, Miller, Small Dotted Buff and Oak Nycteoline.  Although we tentatively identified the Purple Clay in the field we weren't sure so I retained it to check - in daylight the next day it seemed much more straightforward.

Purple Clay, Holt, 1st July


Pretty Chalk Carpet, Holt, 1st July


Among the micros there were quite a few Small Crests Anarsia spartiella (I put down 8 but suspect a careful count would have come up with a much higher number) - a good showing for a moth I'd only seen once before.

I didn't recall having seen Heather Neb Aristotelia ericinella before but it turns out I had done, albeit back in 2011.  Still, a very smart moth and one of the highlights of the evening for me.  My photos don't really do it justice - imagine the whitish bars being bright and sparkling and you'll be nearer the mark.


Heather Neb Aristotelia ericinella, Holt, 1st July


Another one that I thought was a lifer but had forgotten I'd seen it once before was the Golden Pearl Anania verbascalis.

Golden Pearl Anania verbascalis, Holt, 1st July


I managed to mess up the ID of at least two Nemapogon, although to be fair to myself I wasn't sure about either, hence taking them home to check.  The first looked very dark on the night prompting me to think that it might be a worn koenigi but it didn't look so impressive when I got it home and was in fact just a Cork Moth Nemapogon cloacella.  Although it was darker than most Cork Moths I should have noticed the big white spot in the discal area which have been much smaller on koenigi  The second I did think was probably Cork Moth Nemapogon cloacella but in fact it turned out to be better, Gold-sheen Clothes Moth Nemapogon ruricolella.  Although I had found the last Norfolk record of this species in 2013 it had slipped off my radar, although I must have realised there was something funny about it or else I wouldn't have brought it home to check.

Cork Moth Nemapogon cloacella (female, gen det), Holt, 1st July


Gold-sheen Clothes Moth Nemapogon ruricolella (male, gen det), Holt, 1st July


The other micros I saw were (and as always the numbers are lower than reality - just as many I could be sure I could remember seeing when I got home): Bordered Carl Coptotriche marginea, Large Clothes Moth Morophaga choragella, another Cork Moth Nemapogon cloacella, a Parornix sp. which I stuffed up the dissection for, Red Birch Midget Phyllonorycter ulmifoliella, Gold-ribbon Argent Argyresthia brockeella, 2 Golden Argents Argyresthia goedartella, Netted Argent Argyresthia retinella, 15 Bird-cherry Ermines Yponomeuta evonymella, 2 Diamond-back Moths Plutella xylostella, Tipped Oak Case-bearer Coleophora flavipennella, Forest Case-bearer Coleophora ibipennella, 3 Grey Rush Case-bearers Coleophora glaucicolella, 4 New Tawny Tubics Batia lunaris, 4 Golden-brown Tubics Crassa unitella, Long-horned Flat-body Carcina quercana, Crescent Groundling Teleiodes luculella, Birch Sober Anacampsis blattariella, Gorse Crest Brachmia blandella, 2 London Dowds Blastobasis lacticolella, 4 Pine Cosmets Batrachedra pinicolella, Buff Cosmet Mompha ochraceella, 3 Hawthorn Cosmets Blastodacna hellerella, 4 Water-mint Conches Phalonidia manniana, 2 Knapweed Conches Agapeta zoegana, 3 Barred Fruit-tree Tortrixes Pandemis cerasana, Privet Tortrix Clepsis consimilana, 2 Orange Pine Tortrixes Lozotaeniodes formosana, Brown-barred Tortrix Epagoge grotiana, 2 Red-barred Tortrixes Ditula angustiorana, 2 White-barred Tortrixes Olindia schumacherana, 4 Flax Tortrixes Cnephasia asseclana, 4 Yellow Oak Buttons Aleimma loeflingiana, Green Oak Tortrix Tortrix viridana, Rusty Birch Button Acleris notana, Common Marble Celypha lacunana, 2 Pine Marbles Piniphila bifasciana, 2 Marbled Orchard Tortrixes Hedya nubiferana, Buff-tipped Marble Hedya ochroleucana, White-shouldered Marble Apotomis turbidana, 2 Bramble Shoot Moths Notocelia uddmanniana, White-foot Bell Epiblema foenella, Hoary Bell Eucosma cana, Bud Moth Spilonota ocellana, 2 Orange-spotted Shoots Rhyacionia pinicolana, Large Beech Piercer Cydia fagiglandana, Bulrush Veneer Calamotropha paludella, 20 Garden Grass-veneers Chrysoteuchia culmella, Grass-veneer Crambus pascuella, 2 Marsh Grass-veneers Crambus uliginosellus, Pearl Grass-veneer Catoptria pinella, 3 Water Veneers Acentria ephemerella, 7 Common Greys Scoparia ambigualis, Little Grey Eudonia lacustrata, Brown China-mark Elophila nymphaeata, 2 Ringed China-marks Parapoynx stratiotata, 4 Small Magpies Anania hortulata, Long-winged Pearl Anania lancealis, Fenland Pearl Anania perlucidalis, 3 Olive Pearls Udea olivalis, 2 Mother of Pearls Pleuroptya ruralis, Double-striped Tabby Hypsopygia glaucinalis, Rosy Tabby Endotricha flammealis, 8 Heather Knot-horns Pempelia palumbella, Dotted Oak Knot-horn Phycita roborella, Ash-bark Knot-horn Euzophera pinguis, 2 Twin-barred Knot-horns Homoeosoma sinuella, White Plume Pterophorus pentadactyla and Common Plume Emmelina monodactyla.

Forest Case-bearer Coleophora ibipennella (male, gen det), Holt, 1st July


Birch Sober Anacampsis blattariella (female, gen det), Holt, 1st July


Other macros were 3 Leopard Moths, 4 Drinkers, Pebble Hook-tip, Peach Blossom, 3 Buff Arches, Large Emerald, 2 Common Emeralds, Blood-vein, Lesser Cream Wave, Small Fan-footed Wave, 2 Single-dotted Waves, Treble Brown Spot, 3 Riband Waves, 3 Large Twin-spot Carpets, Phoenix, Barred Yellow, 2 Grey Pine Carpets, Broken-barred Carpet, 2 July Highflyers, Sharp-angled Carpet, Small Rivulet, Sandy Carpet, Lime-speck Pug, Wormwood Pug, Currant Pug, 4 Narrow-winged Pugs, 3 V-Pugs, 2 Green Pugs, 3 Double-striped Pugs, 3 Small Yellow Waves, 5 Clouded Borders, 2 Tawny-barred Angles, Scorched Wing, 2 Brimstone Moths, Lilac Beauty, 2 Swallow-tailed Moths, 2 Peppered Moths, Willow Beauty, 4 Mottled Beauties, 2 Engraileds, 2 Bordered Whites, 4 Common White Waves, 4 Clouded Silvers, 3 Light Emeralds, 6 Barred Reds, Pine Hawk-moth, Lime Hawk-moth, Poplar Hawk-moth, Elephant Hawk-moth, Pale Prominent, 2 Yellow-tails, 6 Rosy Footmen, Dingy Footman, Scarce Footman, 2 Buff Footmen, 4 Common Footmen, Buff Ermine, 2 Ruby Tigers, Short-cloaked Moth, 2 Flame Shoulders, 2 Large Yellow Underwings, 3 Broad-bordered Yellow Underwings, 2 Double Square-spots, 2 Clays, Smoky Wainscot, Poplar Grey, Dark Dagger, Small Angle Shades, Dingy Shears, Dun-bar, 2 Dark Arches, Light Arches, 2 Marbled Minors, Rufous Minor, Tawny Marbled Minor, 3 Uncertains, 4 Marbled White Spots, 2 Silver Ys, 3 Plain Golden Ys, Spectacle, 2 Beautiful Hook-tips, 2 Straw Dots, 2 Snouts, Fan-foot and Small Fan-foot.

Dark Dagger (female, gen det), Holt, 1st July


Rufous Minor (female, gen det), Holt, 1st July


Of course it wasn't just moths and among the non-lepidopteran highlights was this Great Crested Newt that walked past my sheet.  Sadly it was a bit camera-shy and sloped off into the undergrowth before I could manage a better photo.

Great Crested Newt, Holt, 1st July


I didn't do as much as I would have liked with the lacewings or caddisflies as I wouldn't have been able to keep up with the moths but I couldn't help noticing this lovely beast of a lacewing.  I thought it had to be something new, and in a way it was since I haven't seen one since I've been "doing" lacewings, but it turns out I photographed one a few years ago so it's not quite my first.  Anyway, it was good to see, an uncommon Lacewing that isn't recorded very frequently in Norfolk, the Black Lacewing Nothochrysa capitata.  The whitish lump towards the rear of the abdomen is apparently spermatophore which is passed from the male to the female - you can see this on several photos of this species on the internet.


Black Lacewing Nothochrysa capita, Holt, 1st July


Another beast of an insect was this big Dusky Longhorn Beetle Arhopalus rusticus, a first for me.

Dusky Longhorn Beetle Arhopalus rusticus, Holt, 1st July


According to the Hoverflies book entirely black hairs along the margins of tergites 3 and 4 should have made this hoverfly one of the Eupeodes species, but I couldn't find one like it and it showed the bulge on the head above its antennae that typifies the genus Scaeva.  I believe it is Scaeva selentica, the first time I've identified this species.

Scaeva selentica, Holt, 1st July